Low triiodothyronine: a strong predictor of outcome in acute stroke patients.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Eur J Clin Invest, Volume 37, Issue 8, p.651-7 (2007)

Keywords:

Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Biomarkers, Euthyroid Sick Syndromes, Female, Humans, Hypothyroidism, Male, Middle Aged, Predictive Value of Tests, Regression Analysis, Risk Factors, Stroke, Survival Analysis, Thyroid Function Tests, Triiodothyronine

Abstract:

<p><b>BACKGROUND: </b>Low triiodothyronine (T3) has been associated with increased short-term mortality in intensive care unit patients and long-term mortality in patients with heart disease. The objective of this study was to investigate possible associations of thyroid hormone status with clinical outcome in patients admitted for acute stroke.</p><p><b>MATERIALS AND METHODS: </b>A total of 737 consecutive patients with acute first ever stroke who presented within 24 h from symptoms' onset were studied. Total T3, thyroxin (T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels were assessed in the morning following admission. Cases with T3 values < or = 78 ng dL(-1) (1.2 nmol L(-1)) (median) were characterized as 'low T3'. Cases with T4 values < or = 4.66 microg dL(-1) (60 nmol L(-1)) were characterized as 'low T4'. Basic and clinical characteristics, stroke risk factors, and brain imaging were evaluated. Neurological impairment was assessed using the Scandinavian Stroke Scale.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Four hundred and seventeen (56%) patients had T3 values < or = 78 ng dL(-1) and 320 had normal T3 values. The 1-year mortality was 27.34% for low T3 and 19.37% for normal T3 cases (P = 0.006). A smaller percentage of patients with low T3 values were independent at 1 year compared to those with normal T3 values [54.2% vs. 68.7%, chi(2) = 12.09, P < 0.001, odds ratio (OR) = 0.53, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.37-0.76]. Cox regression analysis revealed that increased age, haemorrhagic stroke, low Scandinavian Stroke Scale score, increased glucose and low T3 values (hazards ratio 0.69, CI = 0.48-0.98, P = 0.041) were significant predictors of 1-year mortality.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>A high proportion of patients with acute stroke were found soon after the event with low T3 values. The low-T3 syndrome is an independent predictor of early and late survival in patients with acute stroke, and predicts handicap at 1 year.</p>

National Library of Medicine (brackets, no "et al."): Alevizaki M, Synetou M, Xynos K, Pappa T, Vemmos KN. Low triiodothyronine: a strong predictor of outcome in acute stroke patients. Eur J Clin Invest. 2007;37(8):651-7.
National Library of Medicine (grant proposals with PMCID/PMID): Alevizaki M, Synetou M, Xynos K, Pappa T, Vemmos KN. Low triiodothyronine: a strong predictor of outcome in acute stroke patients. Eur J Clin Invest. 2007;37(8):651-7.
National Library of Medicine (NLM) - Grant with PMID: Alevizaki M, Synetou M, Xynos K, Pappa T, Vemmos KN. Low triiodothyronine: a strong predictor of outcome in acute stroke patients. Eur J Clin Invest. 2007;37(8):651-7.
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